Caloocan City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Caloocan) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. Located just north of and adjacent to the City of Manila, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,177,604.
Caloocan is divided into two areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila and lies to the east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City in the province of Bulacan.
The city is politically subdivided into 188 barangays.
The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, which is located at the end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The monument was created by the nationalist sculptor Guillermo Tolentino to mark the first encounter between Bonifacio's Katipunan group against Spanish soldiers on August 3, 1896. The monument was erected in 1933. Recently, renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle where the actual monument was put up and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA that is 100 meters away from the monument. The area around the monument has come to be known as
The Light Rail Transit (LRT-1) has a terminal at Monumento. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension of Caloocan City, into the City of Manila and into Pasay City. The whole line can be traveled in about 30 minutes.
Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well-known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. One of the major and famous streets here is P. Zamora St.
The city's lone public university the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College).
Caloocan City - Home Of Heroes
No other city in the Philippines is quite like Caloocan. From humble beginnings had risen a city now in the face of relentless and continuing progress.
Before Caloocan emerged into a city, it had modest beginnings - first, as a wilderness, then as an uninhabited hill, then as a hilltop village. Few know the full story of how the city began. Even fewer remember the very interesting details that make up its birth and growth. Today Caloocan continues progressing to be the great yet humble city that is the radiant vision of its residents and the current leadership.
The main landmark of Caloocan City is the Bonifacio Monument, located at the intersection of Rizal Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, or EDSA. The monument commemorates the most proletarian of all Filipino heroes, Andres Bonifacio. It likewise marks the first encounter between Andres Bonifacio and his revolutionary group called Katipunan with the Spanish soldiers on August 3, 1896. The monument was immortalized by the great Filipino nationalist Guillermo Tolentino.
Caloocan City is located at the northern part of Metropolitan Manila. The city is divided into two parts: the urban portion, which is bounded on the north by Malabon, on the east by Quezon City, on the south by Manila and Navotas, and on the west by Manila Bay; and the rural portion, bounded on the north by San Jose del Monte in Bulacan, on the east and south by Quezon City, and on the west by Valenzuela. It occupies a total land area of 55.8 square kilometers.